Heart Attack | Heart Attack Causes - Qurbook

Heart Attack Causes

                                                             Heart Attack Causes

Understanding Heart Attack

A heart attack medically known as Myocardial Infarction occurs when a portion of the heart muscle cannot get enough oxygen because one or more coronary arteries, which supply blood to the heart muscle, suddenly get blocked. 

The rupture of a plaque is what typically causes the blockage. The area of heart muscle starts to die slowly if blood flow is not rapidly restored, either by a medication that dissolves the blockage, or a catheter inserted inside the artery that actually opens the obstruction.

What causes Heart Attacks?

Coronary artery disease, or the narrowing or obstruction of the coronary arteries, is the main cause of heart attack. The development of fatty compounds, known as plaques, on artery walls causes this narrowing process. Atherosclerosis, the medical term for this condition, is derived from the Greek terms there (gruel, or paste), and sclerosis (hardness).

Fat deposits accumulate in streaks on the walls of your arteries over time. Our body releases chemicals as part of its natural healing process, trapping and sealing these fatty deposits in place.

Regrettably, these compounds also draw in proteins, calcium, inflammatory cells, and cellular waste materials. Here is a plaque. Plaque deposits may be soft on the inside yet develop a hard coating.

Plaque can eventually burst, revealing the fatty interior of a deposit. Platelets, which help blood clot, will then attempt to reseal the rupture. There is a potential that a blood clot that forms inside a blood vessel will impede blood flow to the heart or will separate and move to a smaller artery near the heart. A heart attack is an outcome.

What are the symptoms of a Heart Attack?

a. Chest pain or discomfort is one primary symptom.

b. Most heart attack are chest pain on the left or medial sides that lasts for more than a few minutes or that fades and reappears.

c. Discomfort that may feel like a painful pressure, squeezing, fullness, or other unpleasant sensation.

d. Feeling flimsy, dizzy, or faint. Additionally, you can start to sweat a lot.

e. Back, neck, or jaw discomfort or pain.

f. Pain in One or both arms or shoulders or discomfort.

g. Difficulty in breathing. Shortness of breath can occur before the chest discomfort, although it also frequently occurs together.

Preventing Heart disease is key to keeping heart attacks at bay

Knowing your risk factors for coronary artery disease and heart attack and taking steps to reduce those risks can help you avoid having a heart attack

You can still lessen your risk even if you've previously had a heart attack or have been warned that your odds of having one are high. The most likely way to do this is by implementing a few lifestyle adjustments that improve your health.

a. Avoid smoking. Your doctor might suggest quitting strategies, like nicotine replacement therapy.

b. Eat a low-fat, low-cholesterol, and low-sodium diet.

c. For frequent monitoring of cholesterol and blood pressure, visit your doctor.

d. Follow a schedule of frequent, moderate aerobic activity. Before starting an exercise regimen, people over 50 who have led sedentary lifestyles should consult a doctor.

e. If you are overweight, lose weight.

Leading a heart-healthy lifestyle and regular screening can help reduce the chances of heart attack drastically. To know about being heart healthy and get the right guidance contact
QurBook Experts.

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