The Best Treatment For Subdural Hematoma : A Comprehensive Guide


Subdural Hematoma

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Subdural Hematoma: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

A subdural hematoma is a type of brain injury that occurs when blood accumulates between the brain and the dura mater, the tough outermost membrane that covers the brain. This condition is usually caused by head trauma, but it can also occur spontaneously or as a result of a medical condition that affects blood clotting.
Subdural hematomas can be life-threatening, particularly if they are not treated promptly. In this blog post, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for subdural hematomas.


As mentioned earlier, the most common cause of subdural hematoma is head trauma. This can occur as a result of a fall, a car accident, or any other event that causes a blow to the head. In some cases, even a mild head injury can cause a subdural hematoma, particularly in people who are taking blood-thinning medications or have a medical condition that affects blood clotting.

Subdural hematomas can also occur spontaneously, particularly in older adults. This is because the brain naturally shrinks as we age, which can cause the veins that run between the brain and the dura mater to stretch and tear, leading to bleeding.

In rare cases, subdural hematomas can occur as a result of a medical condition that affects blood clotting. This can include conditions such as hemophilia, leukemia, and liver disease.


The symptoms of subdural hematoma can vary depending on the severity of the injury and the location of the bleeding. In some cases, symptoms may not appear immediately after the injury and may take several hours or even days to develop.

Some of the most common symptoms of a subdural hematoma include:

  • Headache
  • Confusion
  •  Dizziness
  •   Nausea or vomiting
  •   Seizures
  •  Weakness or numbness on one side of the body
  •   Slurred speech
  •  Vision problems
  •   Difficulty walking or balancing.

In severe cases, a subdural hematoma can cause unconsciousness or even death.

Treatment for Subdural Hematoma

The Treatment For Subdural Hematoma will depend on the severity of the injury and the location of the bleeding. In mild cases, rest and pain medication may be sufficient. However, in more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the blood and relieve pressure on the brain.

There are two main types of surgery used to treat subdural hematomas:

Craniotomy: This involves making a small incision in the skull to access the brain and remove the blood clot. This is typically the preferred method for large or severe subdural hematomas.

Burr hole drainage: This involves making a small hole in the skull and using a tube to drain the blood from the subdural space. This method is typically used for smaller or less severe subdural hematomas.

In some cases, medication may be prescribed to help prevent blood clots and reduce the risk of future subdural hematomas.


Preventing head injuries is the best way to prevent subdural hematomas. This can be done by wearing a helmet when participating in sports or riding a bike, using a seatbelt when driving or riding in a car, and taking precautions to prevent falls, such as using handrails on stairs and wearing non-slip shoes.

If you have a medical condition that affects blood clotting, it is important to work closely with your healthcare provider to manage your condition and reduce the risk of subdural hematomas.

In summary, a subdural needs prompt medical attention and for treatment, which can include rest, medication, or surgery. Prevention involves wearing protective gear during sports and taking precautions to prevent falls. Recovery from a subdural hematoma is possible with appropriate treatment and rehabilitation.



-         What is the main cause of subdural hematoma?

A subdural hematoma is a condition where blood accumulates between the brain and the protective covering surrounding it called the dura mater. The main cause of subdural hematoma is trauma to the head, such as a fall, car accident, or physical assault. The force of the impact causes the blood vessels in the brain to rupture and bleed into the space between the brain and the dura mater.

 Subdural hematomas can also occur spontaneously in individuals with blood-thinning disorders, such as hemophilia, or in the elderly due to age-related brain shrinkage and fragile blood vessels. In some cases, a subdural hematoma can occur without any apparent trauma, and this is called a chronic subdural hematoma.

 Prompt medical attention is necessary for subdural hematoma, as the pressure of the accumulated blood can cause severe brain damage or even death if left untreated.


         How serious is a subdural hematoma?

A subdural hematoma can be a serious medical condition, especially if it is large or causing pressure on the brain. It can lead to symptoms such as headache, confusion, seizures, and loss of consciousness. Prompt medical attention is necessary to prevent potential brain damage or death. 

         Can you fully recover from a subdural hematoma?

The recovery from a subdural hematoma depends on the size, location, and severity of the bleeding. Small subdural hematomas may resolve on their own or with medical intervention, while larger ones may require surgery. Full recovery is possible with appropriate treatment and rehabilitation, but it may take weeks or months. 


      Can subdural hematoma be treated without surgery?

Small subdural hematomas may be managed without surgery, especially if they are not causing significant symptoms. Treatment may involve close monitoring, medications to prevent seizures and reduce brain swelling, and rehabilitation therapy to help regain lost function. However, larger subdural hematomas usually require surgery. 


     Where is subdural hematoma most common?

Subdural hematoma can occur anywhere in the brain where blood vessels are present. However, it is most commonly seen on the surface of the brain, typically over the frontal and temporal lobes, which are areas that are most vulnerable to injury during trauma to the head.


           Is subdural hematoma permanent?

      The effects of a subdural hematoma can be permanent, depending on the severity and duration of the bleeding and the amount of damage to the brain tissue. However, with prompt and appropriate treatment, including surgery and rehabilitation therapy, recovery is possible in many cases.       


      How is subdural hematoma diagnosed?

Subdural hematoma is usually diagnosed using a combination of medical history, physical examination, and imaging tests such as CT scan or MRI. These tests can reveal the presence, location, and size of the hematoma, as well as the extent of brain damage caused by the bleeding. 


Can high BP cause subdural hematoma?

High blood pressure is not a direct cause of subdural hematoma, but it can contribute to an increased risk of bleeding in the brain due to the added pressure on the blood vessels. Other factors such as head trauma are usually the primary cause of subdural hematoma. 

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